Shipping Containers - Insulated to Refrigerated
Full Container Load, Less Than Container Load
Shipping containers provide maximum protection and ensure that goods remain stationary during shipping so as to avoid damage. As a general rule goods will be shipped in one of two ways – in a container on their own as a full container load shipment (FCL) or in a groupage container as a less than container load shipment. (LCL)
Shipping container dimensions
For ocean shipping, 20 ft and 40ft containers are the most popular dimensions, while for air freight 10ft containers or smaller are often used. A 20ft container can hold approximately 1000 cubic feet, while a 40ft container can hold double that in volume. Containers may be classified as standard, high cube or half height depending on the height of their sides. High cube containers are used for extremely tall goods, while exceptionally heavy goods are usually placed in height containers.
Listed below are a few examples of different types of shipping and storage containers and their uses:
Common all-purpose metal shipping container the most common type of container to be used by shipping companies, this container is fully closed in and completely weatherproof. In most cases it will have doors on either one or both of its sides for easy loading.
Open-topped container: open topped containers are designed specifically to hold irregularly shaped or unusually tall items. A covering is usually placed over the container once it has been loaded to protect goods from the elements.
Ventilated containers: also referred to as Reefer containers, these containers are used to store goods that require adequate ventilation such as plants or raw materials. In most cases they have covers that can be unfastened when necessary to allow free air flow around the container.
Insulated shipping containers these containers are carefully designed to minimize temperature fluctuations during transit. Typically they are used to store perishable items that cannot withstand extreme temperature changes.
Heated containers: these containers are carefully heated by elements and usually store temperature sensitive items that constantly need to be kept at a certain temperature.
Refrigeration containers: these shipping containers are either automatic or need to be controlled manually. They usually hold perishable items such as foodstuffs that need to remain below a certain temperature.
Tank or drum shaped containers: these containers are used to hold liquids and are carefully sealed and packed to ensure that there are no leakages.
Dry bulk containers: extra large containers resembling silos. Used to store grains and powdered substances.
Specialized automobile containers: these are designed specifically for cars and other vehicles. Wheel guides and clamps allow for vehicles to be driven in and out of containers secured during transit.